`sudo` commands in cloud-init are SLOW! How to fix?

Bruno Bronosky asked:

I am trying to bootstrap a Centos7 EC2 instance (ami-02eac2c0129f6376b) with bash user-data. Because it runs as root and I need to create a lot of things as the centos user, I use sudo -Hu centos <cmd> many times. Each call introduces a 25 second delay. I have hundreds. What can I do to speed this up?

This is a known issue, but I cannot find any solutions.

I have tried:

  • Add and /etc/hosts entry for my hostname
printf "\n127.0.0.1   %s %s\n" "$(hostname -f)" "$(hostname -s)" | tee -a /etc/hosts
  • Remove myhostname from /etc/nsswitch.conf
sed -Ei 's/\s*myhostname//' /etc/nsswitch.conf

These delays are EXTREMELY painful because I am currently in the Trial and Error phase of building out knew user-data scripts.

What can I do?

My answer:


A bug in the SELinux policy included with RHEL and CentOS 7 caused sudo to wait for exactly 25 seconds on each command. This bug was fixed with the selinux-policy-3.13.1-229.el7_6.10 package. You should create a new AMI with this package (and preferably the whole system) updated.


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