httpd not starting with systemd on F17

atx asked:

Title says it all. This is a fresh Fedora 17 system running on a Xen hypervisor. No idea why it won’t start

[[email protected]~]  uname -a
Linux box.localhost 3.5.4-2.fc17.i686.PAE #1 SMP Wed Sep 26 22:10:23 UTC 2012 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux

[[email protected]~]  cat /etc/redhat-release
Fedora release 17 (Beefy Miracle)

[[email protected]~]  systemctl enable httpd.service
ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service' '/etc/systemd/system/'

[[email protected]~]  systemctl start httpd.service
Job failed. See system journal and 'systemctl status' for details.

[[email protected]~]  systemctl  status httpd.service
httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server (prefork MPM)
          Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled)
          Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Fri, 19 Oct 2012 22:43:37 -0500; 3s ago
         Process: 18225 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS -k start (code=exited, status=226/NAMESPACE)
          CGroup: name=systemd:/system/httpd.service

Oct 19 22:43:37 box.localhost systemd[18225]: Failed at step NAMESPACE spawning /usr/sbin/httpd: No such file or directory

[[email protected]~]  ls -al /usr/sbin/httpd
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 343496 Apr 30 04:56 /usr/sbin/httpd

My answer:

Recent versions of Fedora/systemd include a new feature which generates random private directories in /tmp and /var/tmp for individual system services.

This means that there are things you should check:

  1. DO NOT symlink /var/tmp to /tmp or vice versa. These are treated separately and so you’ll need to keep them separate.
  2. Ensure that both /var/tmp and /tmp have 1777 permissions.

If this doesn’t resolve the problem, you may have found a bug, and should report it.

View the full question and any other answers on Server Fault.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.