Default route not on LAN

Jarmund asked:

I have a network that in principle looks like this:

H1---\           /----Inet1
H3---/           \----GW2-----Inet2
  • H1 and H2 = Hosts that need access to internet with GW1
  • Inet1 = Internet link over 3G connection
  • Inet2 = 5GHz link to Internet (not always up)
  • GW1 = Works as a router, automatically picking the “best” connection between Inet1 and Inet2 (the latter via GW2).
  • GW2 = 5GHz wifi router

And here’s the problem:
H3 only needs internet access when Inet2 is up. What i was thinking of doing was a routing table that looks like this:

  • route to GW2 via GW1
  • default route is via GW2

I first set the route to GW2 via GW1 without a problem. But when i try

route add default gw

( being the IP of GW2), it complains “SIOCADDRT: No such device”
Is the problem that the default gw i’m trying to set is not reachable directly? Is there a different approach that would allow me to achieve this?

An alternative (and hypothetical) approach: Since H3 will be using a static IP, is it possible to do some magic with iptables on GW1 to forward any packets from H3 to GW3, thereby “tricking” H3 into using GW2 as its default router?

PS: This question is a followup question to this one.

My answer:

Since your question is light on specifics, the answer will also be light on specifics:

  1. Set H3’s default gateway to GW1.
  2. Have GW1 always route traffic from H3 to GW2.

The “intelligence” of how to route packets must reside in the routers, not the end boxes. So your default gateway must be one directly accessible on the same subnet; that gateway must then figure out what to do with the packets to get them wherever they should go.

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